Archive Monthly Archives: July 2017

4 Compulsory Questions Asked to Gynaecologist

Examination of pregnancy is very important to support the health of mother and baby. By doing the examination at Pregnancy Clinics Singapore, you can detect early health problems that endanger the baby in the future. Pregnancy checks are recommended to begin early in pregnancy on a scheduled basis. World Health Center, WHO recommends that every month of pregnancy check up from the first pregnancy while entering the age of 28 weeks, it is recommended to check one month twice to four times closer to the age of delivery. For those of you who will conduct an examination to a gynaecologist or midwife, is expected to actively ask questions that can help determine the development of the fetus and your health.


In order for a visit to the doctor to be truly useful, please complete the question. Here is the list of questions.

– How old is my pregnancy?
Usually, the doctor will determine from two parameters. First from the first day of last menstruation, and from ultrasound examination. By knowing, the date of the first day of the last menstrual period (especially if the regular menstrual cycle), doctors can determine the age of pregnancy more precisely than the mother who forgets the date. For mothers who forget, will be used ultrasound examination.

– What checks should I do?
Blood tests are recommended in early pregnancy, such as routine blood checks (HB components, platelets, leukocytes and hematocrit). This is to determine the status of the mother in early pregnancy in a laboratory, either the state of the lack of blood (anaemia) or the presence or absence of infection since it is commonly frequent urinary tract infections in women.

– Is my pregnancy normal or there are abnormalities?
With a benchmark of gestational age and ultrasound examination, the first possibility that should arise is the presence of a pregnancy bag. If the bag does not develop according to the age of pregnancy and no fetus is found in it means there is an abnormality called empty eggs. Another example at 6-7 weeks gestation, also through ultrasound examination, fetal organs should be able to be seen as a whole although not yet detailed. The absence of a fetal heartbeat may mean there is a conception death.

If known to have a cyst with a diameter of more than 5 cm the mother will generally be observed during pregnancy. If the cyst is enlarged will be surgical removal at the beginning of the second trimester (around 15-16 weeks of gestation). Cysts that are left feared will be enlarged and twisted so it can disrupt the growth of the fetus.

– What supplements should be consumed?
Doctors will encourage mothers to take folic acid at the age of the first three months before pregnancy or at least during the early trimester. The goal is to prevent the occurrence of congenital defects in the fetus (Neural Tube Defect).

The Effects Of HIV In The Human Body

The immune system is in charge of protecting us from attacking diseases. One important element of the immune system is the CD4 cell (one type of white blood cell). These cells protect against a variety of bacteria, viruses, and other germs. You can check to see if you get this virus. Visit our website for more information on Singapore HIV testing.

HIV infects the immune system. The virus enters the immune system in CD4 cells. This virus utilises CD4 cells to multiply itself thousands of times. This self-replicating virus will leave the CD4 cell and kill it at the same time. The more CD4 cells are dead, the immune system will be lower. Until finally, the immune system does not work. When this process occurs, the body will still feel healthy and no problem. This condition can last for 10 years or even more. And patients can spread the virus in this period.

Remember that everyone is at risk of HIV infection, regardless of age limit. But there are some groups of people who are at higher risk of HIV infection. They are:

– Injecting drug users

– People who make tattoos or do piercings.

– People who have unprotected sex either sex or heterosexual.

– People who live or travel frequently to areas with high HIV rates, such as Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia, and southern America.

– People who perform blood transfusions in areas with high HIV rates.

– People affected by other sexually transmitted infections.

– People who have sex with injecting drug users.

People who have recently become infected with HIV will experience symptoms like the flu. This occurs for approximately one month to two months after infection. Early symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and the appearance of a rash. But, some people who suffer from HIV do not feel the signs and symptoms for years. Just by having an HIV test, we can know for sure whether we are infected or not. The faster the HIV is detected, the treatment success rate will be higher. If you feel you are at risk of HIV infection, visit Elyon Family Clinic & Surgery immediately.

Causes of HIV And AIDS

The spread of HIV / AIDS virus is divided into two main groups, namely through unsafe sex and alternately for injecting drug users. Whether there is a symptom or not, an HIV-infected person can pass the virus on to others. HIV positive people more easily transmit the virus a few weeks after they catch it. Treatment of HIV will reduce the risk of spreading to others. Visit our website to get HIV Testing Singapore.

HIV is not as infectious as that to other people. This virus does not radiate within the air like a cough and flu virus. HIV lives in the blood and some body fluids. But liquids such as saliva, sweat, or urine can not transmit the virus to others. This is because the content of the virus in the liquid is not enough. The fluids that can transmit HIV into other people’s bodies are:

– Blood
– Anus wall
– Breast milk
– Sperm
– Vaginal fluid, including menstrual blood

HIV is not infected from kissing, saliva, bites, sneezing, sharing toiletries, towels, utensils, using the same toilet or pool, bitten by animals or mosquito-like insects. The main ways that viruses can enter the bloodstream are:

– Through open wounds on the skin.
– Through thin walls of the mouth and eyes.
– Through thin walls inside the anus or genitals.
– Through direct injection into the blood vessels using infected needles or injections.

The viral spread of the most important is by way of unprotected sex through the vagina and anal. Unsecured oral sex is also at risk of infection, but the risk is quite small. The spread of HIV through oral sex will increase if people who perform oral sex are canker sores or there are cuts in the mouth. Or have sex with people who have just been infected with HIV and have many viruses in his body. In addition to sex, HIV can be transmitted through:

– Blood transfusion.
– From mother to baby, whether during pregnancy, childbirth, or when breastfeeding.
– Sharing needles, good for piercing or tattooing.
– Sharing injections, especially for hot people (injecting drug users).
– Share sex aids with people living with HIV.